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Overview

Vietnam, officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Vietnam has a land area of approximately 331,690 sq. km and is geographically divided into three parts: northern Vietnam, central Vietnam, and southern Vietnam. It is surrounded by sea on three sides, i.e., east, south, and southwest and by political neighbours, China on the north and Laos and Cambodia on the west. The water bodies that surround Vietnam include the Gulf of Thailand, the Gulf of Tonkin, and the South China Sea. Vietnam has a coastline of approximately 3,444 km, making it an ideal proposition for the development of the maritime industry, trade and tourism industry and the shipping industry.

The capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi and the largest commercial centre in Vietnam is the Ho Chi Minh City.

As of 2011, the population of Vietnam is approximately 87.8 million. The population consists of 54 ethnic groups of which the Viet (Kinh) group accounts for 87% of the total population.

Vietnam is a single-party socialist state espousing communism. This Communist party of Vietnam decides the major policy issues that are then implemented by the Government.The President of Vietnam is the titular head of state and the nominal commander-in-chief of the military, serving as the Chairman of the Council of Supreme Defence and Security. The Prime Minister of Vietnam is the head of government, presiding over a council of ministers composed of three deputy prime ministers and the heads of 26 ministries and commissions.

The National Assembly of Vietnam is the unicameral legislature of the state, composed of 498 members. Headed by a Chairman, it is superior to both the executive and judicial branches, with all government ministers being appointed from members of the National Assembly. The Supreme People's Court of Vietnam, headed by a Chief Justice, is the country's highest court of appeal, though it is also answerable to the National Assembly. Beneath the Supreme People's Court are the provincial municipal courts and numerous local courts. Military courts possess special jurisdiction in matters of national security.