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Quick Facts About Vietnam

All figures mentioned are as on 2011 unless mentioned otherwise.

Area & Location
Location Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
Area Land: 310,070 sq km
Water: 21,140 sq km
Population 87.84 Million
Age Structure 0-14 years: 23.22%
15-64 years: 70.75%
65 years and over: 6.029%
Median Age 27.4 years
Population Growth Rate 1.03%
Literacy 94%
GDP USD 123.6 billion
GDP Real Growth Rate 5.88%
GDP Per Capita USD 1,407.10
GDP Composition by Sector Agriculture: 22.02%
Industry: 40.79%
Services: 37.18%
Labour force 51.99 million
Unemployment Rate
(% of Labor Force)
Investment (Gross Fixed) 31.91% of GDP
Exports USD 107.55 Billion
Export Commodities Crude oil, textiles and garments, footwear, fisheries products, and electronics
Export Partners US 18%, China 11%, Japan 11%, Germany 3.7%
Imports USD 112.76 Billion
Import Commodities Machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles
Import Partners China 22%, South Korea 13.2%, Japan 10.4%, Taiwan 8.6%, Thailand 6.4%, Singapore 6.4%
Fiscal Year 1st Jan – 31st December
Currency Vietnamese dong